How does UPI Transactions Work?

How does UPI Transactions Work - todaypassion

Development and convenience of banking operations made possible by fintech, customers no longer have to worry about payments because everything is now only a click away. Today, a number of smartphone applications, like UPI, allow for rapid financial transfers.

Users may transfer funds across bank accounts in real-time using UPIS, or Unified Payment Interfaces, a well-liked financial technology solution.

Outlines of UPI Payment:

One smartphone application that enables users to transfer money between bank accounts is called a Unified Payment Interface (UPI). A single-window mobile payment system was created by the National Payments Corporation of India (NPCI).

How does UPI Transactions Work - todaypassion

Customers no longer need to enter sensitive information like bank account numbers or other details each time they complete a purchase. Additionally, it frees users from having to constantly rush to the bank by enabling them to complete transactions from the convenience of their homes. This indicates that you may pay a person, a business, or a service provider by sending or receiving money or by scanning a Quick Response (QR) code to make purchases, settle accounts, or approve payments. In essence, it is claimed that the system offers a risk-free means for two people to transfer money without using currency or going through a bank.

Being a real-time payment system, it is intended to facilitate peer-to-peer inter-bank transactions with a straightforward two-click factor authentication process. The interface is supervised by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), India’s central bank.

How can we be sure that UPI transactions are safe?

UPI transactions are often quite safe. This user interface has a one-click payment method and two-factor authentication. This feature of UPI complies with legal criteria, making it the most secure choice. It will make use of MPIN rather than OTP.

The National Payments Corporation of India’s (NPCI) IMPS network would handle almost 15000 crore in daily transactions by March 2022, and that number will only increase as more people utilise mobile phones.

Securing the verification process:

The first registration process’s first feature is the confirmation of a mobile phone number. This gives your phone number a special identification by linking it to your UPI account. The verification procedure must be restarted if your phone number changes. You can block the number if your phone is stolen or misplaced to stop further withdrawals from your bank account. In order to protect against identity theft, this is done.

Ensuring transactions security:

You have the option to establish a 4- or 6-digit mobile pin (MPIN) when you sign up for the UPI. Once a transaction has been made, you may use the MPIN to validate it. Because only you know the MPIN, no one else can use the app on your phone to withdraw money from your account.

Security when other parties are authenticated:

The UPI system also has the benefit of allowing users to validate merchants, reducing the risk of fraud. Using the Quick Response or QR code and signed intent option, you may determine whether or not a business has undergone UPI verification. If the merchant isn’t UPI-certified, you’ll be informed immediately away, which enhances the transactions.

Because each transaction has its unique QR code, payments may be processed quickly. Many shops, both online and physical establishments, effectively employ this. There are two categories of QR codes: static and dynamic.

A retail counter may be topped with static QR codes. You may scan them to send money directly to the merchant’s bank. Static QR codes already include data. It’s specific to a retailer and connected to their bank account. This is especially helpful in establishments where the quantity of each transaction changes, such as small stores, restaurants, and pharmacies.

Dynamic codes are generated each time the merchant needs to make a payment. The amount to be paid, the name of the merchant, and the bank account details are all included in this code. In circumstances like supermarket delivery, online shopping, and meal delivery, this is becoming increasingly typical.
Simple, cashless payments are made possible by dynamic code, which quickly closes the payment loop and may empower more people and businesses. It is advantageous for businesses since they can confirm payments without having to wait for clients to reveal their mobile devices.

Characteristics of UPI:

One mobile application can be used for several bank accounts. Your mobile phone and bank account are instantly connected with only one entry of your bank information.

Since it is entirely digital, you may use it to transfer money whenever you choose, including on holidays. Utility bill payments, cash payments, and QR code payments may all be made using UPI applications.

Virtual Payment Addresses (VPAs), a special ID provided by the relevant bank, are used by UPIS. This aids in maintaining the payment’s safety and security. Additionally. You’ll want your MPIN in order to authenticate each payment.

One click enables two-factor authentication, which satisfies regulatory requirements and facilitates easy one-click payments.

Each bank has a unique UPI that is compatible with iOS, Android, and Windows devices. The banks may or may not charge for the UPI service.

With the aid of UPI applications, you may now quickly transfer bills with friends and acquaintances.
How is UPI Payment processed?

UPI takes advantage of already-existing technology like IMPS and Aadhaar Enabled Payment System to provide seamless settlement across accounts (AEPS). It allows both push and pull transactions, in-person and barcode payments, as well as many recurring payments like utility bills, school fees, and other subscriptions. It also supports over-the-counter and one-time purchases.

Once a single identity is formed, the system enables mobile payments to be transferred without the need of credit or debit cards, net banking, or the required to enter account information.

The push-and-pull exchange:

The UPI phrase for transmitting money is “push.” To send money, the user logs into the portal and selects the Transfer Money option.Once the recipient’s virtual ID and the necessary amount have been entered, choose the account from which the funds will be debited. The user must next enter their MPIN and wait for approval.

The system’s phrase for collecting money is a “pull.” The user selects the option to collect money after logging into the system. The amount to be collected, the virtual ID of the remitter, and the account where the funds will be put must all be entered by the user. After that, a notification requesting payment is sent to the payer. He enters his UPI PIN to approve the transaction if he decides to proceed with the payment.

Details of Virtual Payment Address (VPA)

You are able to benefit from the possibilities of UPI payments and transfers thanks to your VPA. You may use your phone to make payments from your bank account utilising the VPA, a payment gateway. It is also possible to join multiple bank accounts using the same virtual payment address. By removing the need to enter comprehensive bank account information for both the payer and the recipient of the payment, the VPA saves you time. It also protects your financial information.

How are payments made using Aadhaar?

The NPCI has allowed payments without a mobile phone with the BHIM Aadhaar Pay function to support those who do not possess smartphones and to promote social and financial inclusion. 
The BHIM app, which is essentially a UPI app and is accessible in several Indian languages, was created by NPCI. Additionally, it provided a feature known as BHIM Aadhaar Pay, which enables a store to accept payments using a customer’s Aadhaar number and biometric information. With this, any merchant that accepts payments through the BHIM Aadhaar app will now accept Aadhaar authentication.

What advantages does UPI offer?

UPI apps provide banks a number of benefits. The use of UPI apps has greatly reduced the workload for employees. It makes transactions easier while also being more secure and safe.

UPI apps facilitate the collection of payments from customers and may be applied to both mobile and online transactions.
Virtual addresses for customers are not kept in any jeopardy. They can even integrate payment methods into their own website for in-app transactions. The bother of paying with cash on delivery is also removed.